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The Royal Penguin is only found on the Macquarie Island, in South Australia, near the Pacific Ocean. The Royal Penguin is surrounded with many different penguins, including the King Penguin, the Rockhopper Penguin, and the Gentoo Penguin. The Royal Penguin feeds on krill, some small crustaceans, fish, and a lot of squid. The Royal Penguin is usually smaller than the male penguin. The Royal Penguin will remain at sea all winter, leaving their Island to explore the Antarctic waters for food.

Royal penguins breed all over the Macquarie Island, in little colonies that are scattered throughout the island. There are about 850,000 pairs of breeding Royal Penguins, which makes it one of the larger species of penguins. The Royal Penguin is actually the largest penguin out of the crested penguin species. The Royal Penguin has bright orange crests, as well as black crests, coming out of the sides of its head. The Royal Penguin also has white feathers all over its entire face. The Royal Penguin is a part of a sub-species of the Macaroni penguin, sometimes leading to the two being mixed up.

The royal penguin breeds in the early fall. The royal penguin will typically stick together in large groups, and is usually found near rockhopper penguins. The male Royal Penguin will come to the breeding area to begin building a nest, collecting all kinds of building materials, including twigs, branches, sticks, grasses and pebbles to build the nest. The female Royal Penguin will arrive within the month, and the male Royal Penguins will begin courting them over to mate, using their typical methods of communication, including chirping, vocalizations and verbal signs, as well as physical movements and signals. The female will then lay two eggs within a couple of weeks, and, like many penguins, only one egg will typically live on and stay alive. The male and female Royal penguins will take turns incubating this egg for a little over a month. The Royal Penguin chick will hatch out of the egg, and the male Royal Penguin will watch over the chick while the female Royal Penguin hunts for food to feed her family. After a while, both of the Royal Penguin parents become responsible for gathering and searching out food, leaving the Royal Penguin chicks alone. At this time, the Royal Penguin chicks will gather together to stay safe, and after two months they can fend for themselves completely.

 

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