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Humboldt penguins, which are also known as Peruvian penguins, are members of the Spheniscus species. Humboldt’s are very similar to the species of Magellanic penguins, and the two areas they live in overlap. The main difference between the two is that the Magellanic has two neckbands, while the Humboldt has just one. The Humboldt penguin is a warm weather penguin, and lives on rocky terrain, near cliffs or on Islands, located mostly in Chile and Peru. They don’t migrate anywhere, and live in these warm waters all of the time. Unlike other penguins, the Humboldt penguin’s main predator and threat is the activity of humans, and they’re also very vulnerable to anything that happens to their regular food chain. It is difficult to tell apart the male and female Humboldt penguins.

Humboldt’s have very strong flippers for wings, allowing them to glide underwater at speeds of up to 20 miles an hour, eating fish and krill that they prey on whole, steering with their flipper feet and wedge shaped tail. Their feathers are completely waterproof, and help to keep them warm and insulated. They also have amazing eyesight underwater, which makes hunting underwater even easier.

The Humboldt penguin is very social, living in large colonies of tightknit burrows, and constantly communicate with one another. Mating penguins are able to recognize each other very easily, as well as their children through their little chirping, as well as their amazing eyesight. The burrows help to provide the Humboldt penguin with a safe place to nest, as well as to help them keep warm.

Due to the warm temperatures, Humboldt penguins can breed all year around, depending on how much food is available to the parents. Their sexual maturity is reached somewhere between 2 and 7, as they typically live about 20 years in the wild. The nests are created in caves, or crevices in the shore, with the female Humboldts laying a couple of eggs while both of the parents will take turns incubating them, keeping them warm, for about a month and a half. When they are born, the chicks are covered with a layer of grey or brown colored downy feathers. The Humboldt penguin parents will take turns between gathering food, and then sitting with the chicks. After two months, the chick is left alone to grow while the older Humboldts go after food.


One Response to “Humboldt Penguin”

  • Chad Ellis:

    The Humboldt is my favorite of all penguins. Even the name Humboldt is illustrious, as it is the name of the world-renowned German explorer Alexander von Humboldt.

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