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Galapagos Penguin

The Galapagos penguin is the tiniest, smallest penguin, and lives the farthest north of all the penguins that live in warm temperatures. The Galapagos Penguins are located just off the Galapagos Islands, just off of the coast of Ecuador, hence their name. Typically, the penguin species will go across into the Northern Hemisphere, and are located in small populations across the coast of the Isabela Islands, just slightly above the equator. The Galapagos Penguin was actually brought over to the Galapagos Islands via the Humboldt current, which separated them from the Humboldt breed of penguins, bringing them to where they currently live, along with colder water temperatures, and a lot of nutrients from the water in Antarctica.

The Galapagos penguin has a narrow, white band across it’s face, and a splash of white feathers down it’s chest. The Galapagos Penguin looks slightly similar to the Magellanic penguin, and is quite smaller with a thin black band around the front. Their bill is very large, long, and is very thin as well, and is a lot slimmer and slender than other bills, and beaks, especially when compared with the beaks and bills of other regions with more moderate temperatures. The adult penguin has a blue-black head and body, with more worn, brown feathers that are kind of ragged.

The Galapagos penguin will nest in little burrows, as well as nestle under little rocks in the more rugged islands. The adult Galapagos penguin will mate for their entire life, with the females laying two eggs anywhere from late spring, right through to winter, depending on how much food is available.

The Galapagos penguin does not particularly migrate, and tends to stay in lukewarm, normal temperature waters all year around. The Galapagos penguin tends to eat a lot of smaller fish, including mullet, sardines, as well as crustaceans. The Galapagos penguin tends to stick to shallow dives, avoiding deep depths to find it’s food. The Galapagos Penguin mostly sticks to the colder, nutrient-rich waters, which helps bring fish, crustaceans, and other small fish and prey to them with the current.

When the water in the area is warmer, the Galapagos penguin might decline slightly, as more predators are located in the area, particularly sharks and some breeds of seals. While on the shore, penguin eggs and chicks are usually preyed on by the hawk, as well as some larger rats.


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