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African Penguin

The African Penguin is much different from other penguins, in that they couldn’t be further from any other breed or species of penguin. The African penguins are much different, as they live, breed and hunt off the southwest African coast, mostly near Benguela, as the waters and temperature is very warm, perfect for the African Penguin. However, they are sometimes vulnerable to things like oil spills, as well as losing their habitat, and they are becoming continually vulnerable.

The African penguin is quite average-sized when compared to some other penguins, and has a white stripe across the chest and face, with a black stripe also across the chest. There are also little pink spots encircling their eyes, without any feathers at all. The African penguin is also ‘counter shaded’, with black feathers on the back and white feathers in the front and on the chest. Their body is narrowly shaped, with tiny, thick wedge-shaped wings, which helps the African penguin glide through the water. The African penguin also has white stripes and bands across the cheeks, and these traits are found on both the male and female African penguins, making it very difficult to tell them apart.

The African penguin fishes from the coastline, and the diet of the African Penguin is made up of pilchards, anchovies and other tiny fish, crustaceans, and krill, often eating up to a pound of food a day. The African Penguin will usually stick to the coastline, but will sometimes ventures out over 50 miles to find their food. The African Penguin typically hunts as a group, so that they can stay safe, have an eye out for predators, and will wait for another African penguin to dive into the water before jumping all together or in at all.

African penguins breed on the ground, not creating their nests in rocks, like many other breeds of penguins, they will usually dig shallow little burrows, and find shelter where there is some kind of vegetation. When breeding, the African Penguin will lay two green eggs, and the little nest, nook or burrow the African Penguin makes helps to protect the eggs, as well as from the sun. The African Penguin incubates for a little over a month, laying their eggs in late January, or late winter. The chicks typically hatch around March, or the early spring, with both parents taking turns looking after their eggs.


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